INTRODUCTION: The Design Brief is to build a school which provides vocational courses in Marsassoum, a small town in the region of Senegal using locally sourced materials and easy to build techniques which can be adopted by the local people. Keeping this in mind, for the proposed Future School the key point we have considered is the environment we create which not only benefits formal learning but informal learning as well through the interactions they have. The ultimate goal is to create a safe environment for growing adults using sustainable planning solutions in a way that would bring the entire community together for the accomplishment of the final product- The Future School, as we like to call it.
PLANNING: Considering the brief given to us, our initial task was to configure a module that would help maximize the utility of space to fit all the requirements. The module selected is a 6.3 x 1O meter rectangle which is mostly replicated throughout. An inward planning concept with the existing tree in the centre is adopted that creates a space both safe and comfortable for students. The central courtyard gives a sense of arrival and also acts as a gathering space for the students to play, interact and share their thoughts. Circulation and connectivity among spaces are gradual with transition spaces that go from open to semi-covered to covered. The various open and semi-covered areas serve as a medial space for dispersing as well as merging. Semi-covered pocket spaces are also provided between the cluster of each classroom which can also be utilized for group gatherings and activities that extends outside school. Another feature we have added for the school is the studying loft. This is for those students who require a quieter environment for independent and interactive learning.
SUSTAINABILITY: We have integrated simple sustainable concepts into the overall design. Like perforated walls for ventilation, and a high sloping roof to mitigate indoor temperature and enhance internal illumination. This also prevents humidity stagnation and enables better run-off of rain. Orientation of the building is also done towards N-S to maximize shade with added temperature moderation achieved through the courtyard effect. When it comes to material selection, easily accessible materials like mud and bamboo are used according to the brief, but by enhancing their strength and durability simple, beautiful and resilient structure can be created.
Gallery - SENEGAL SCHOOL